The National Biodiversity Strategy of the Czech Republic (hereinafter the “Strategy”) was formulated shortly after the accession of the Czech Republic (CR) to the European Union (EU). This is the fi rst document that outlines the further biodiversity conservation and management in the country.

It is based on the Convention on Biological Diversity (hereinafter the “Convention”, “CBD”), which was open for the signature at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED, “Earth Summit”) in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. It came into force for the CR on March 3, 1994. The Convention is considered globally to be a key document in the conservation of biological diversity (biodiversity) at all three levels (genetic, species and ecosystem).

The Strategy is a fundamental document that is based on the related activities of the Convention, i.e. the thematic programmes of work, proposed by the Subsidiary Body on Scientifi c, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA), which are then approved by the Conference of the Parties (COP). The individual thematic programmes of work of the COP should, within the capabilities of each country, be included in national biodiversity strategies and subsequently incorporated and elaborated in action plans. The Strategy accepts the thematic programmes of work and suitably modifi es the objectives set forth in them on the basis of the current conditions and capabilities in the CR.

Text of the National Biodiversity Strategy of the Czech Republic is available here: